5 Food to control Hypothyroidism │food for thyroid treatment │Avoid food for thyroid patients


Any abnormalities or dysfunction in the butterfly-shaped gland, in the base of your neck, is called thyroid disease. This can include many forms and types. Among all thyroid-related condition, Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism is the most common one. Changing your lifestyle can surly affect Thyroid diseases. Especially daily exercise, walking or changing in food habits is essential, if you are intending to control the disease naturally.  I am going discuss five super-food, to prevent the disease in this article. Also, I am going to discuss some food you should avoid if you diagnose with the thyroid-related disease.  

What is Hypothyroidism 

There are many types and forms of thyroid disease like goiter, thyroiditis, thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer, Hypo, and Hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism is most common among them.

In, Hypothyroidism thyroid hormones produce less than normal levels, which invites multiple health issues. i.e. weight gain, depression, fatigue, constipation, irregular menstrual cycle, slow heart rate, dry skin, etc.

The 5 types of food for thyroid treatment  

Diet plays a very significant role in this condition, it might have very sharp proportion with the symptoms of thyroid. As some foods can be helpful to improve the condition, but if food needs to be avoided with respect to balance the thyroid hormones.

Mostly three types of minerals are highly preferred for hypothyroid patients. IODINE, SELENIUM, ZINC.


SALT - Iodized salt is the most common and easily available source of Iodine. Iodine helps to create the thyroid hormone. The human body is unable to make iodine, so we need to consume it by taking iodine-rich food. 

Iodine deficiency is becoming a common phenomenon these days. Countries like the USA are on the safer side because, in the USA, the iodine is added to table salt. Iodine supplements are not necessary if you can consume iodine-rich food or just add some more salt in your daily diet. But before taking such action you need to your doctor and take action if you are only detected with iodine deficiency. 

Avoid excessive use of salt in your diet, which may cause some serious health issues. 


Selenium is a micro-nutrients, which helps to produce and release thyroid hormones so that the body can easily absorb it. Moreover, it has certain antioxidant benefits that actually protect the Thyroid glands from free radicals. 

FISH - Selenium is available in most meat and poultry items. Big fish’s  Like TUNA. HALIBUT is a very good source of selenium. You will find 92 mcg and 46 mcg in 3 ounces of Tuna and Halibut accordingly. 

BRAZIL NUT- Brazil nut is the best selenium source and only 1 once provides 544 mcg of selenium.


Zinc is another important mineral required to produce thyroid hormones. Zinc alone can increase the T3 and  T4 hormones up to a certain level. It also helps in the absorption process of the body.

SEA-FOOD - Seafood specially OYSTER and CRAB contain a high level of ZINC. In a medium-size Oyster, you will get approx 5.3 gm of zinc whereas in King crabs will provide 7.6 gm of Zinc per 100 gm.

LEGUMES - Those who are vegetarians, this can prove to be a very healthy and rich source of zinc. You can use it in different ways like boiling, sprouting or just add to your soup. You can prepare the hurtful Indian RED/BLACK LENTIL "Dal" recipe to comfort your stomach. Or Hummus is a good example of how to use CHICKPEA, which is also a very good source of zinc. 

The food you should avoid in HYPOTHYROIDISM

Controlling and treating Hypothyroidism is a sensitive condition to deal with. You need to deal with many likely and unlikely situations in life. While it is a lifestyle disease, controlling or being aware of a few important areas of your life can be very helpful. Food is definitely one of them.

Mainly 3 types of food you need to avoid, which will interrupt to produce thyroid hormones. 

The food contains GOITROGENS, SOY, GLUTEN 

GOITROGENS - Foods that contain Goitrogens are possibly interrupting thyroid hormone production. You may find Goitrogens on the food listed below 

  • Bok Choy
  • Cabbage 
  • Cauliflower 
  • Choy sum
  • Brussel sprouts 
  • Kale 
  • Horseradish 
  • Turnips

These vegetables have many health benefits. Eating in moderation will not cause much damage, even for the thyroid patient as well. 


The food contains Soy products may also interrupt the thyroid absorption process in the body. Minimize the soy product in the diet would be a good choice for Hypothyroid patients. 

Food that has soy 

  • Soya milk
  • Soya bean
  • Soya sauce 
  • Edamame
  • Tofu


For any Thyroid patient, it is extremely important to cut down gluten products. In a recent study, it has been shown that a person who is having gluten products with Hypothyroidism, is prone to develop autoimmune conditions, most commonly called celiac disease. 

Celiac disease can damage the tissue of the small intestine. Gluten is a protein found in grains like Wheat, Barley, Oat, etc.

Other foods may interrupt Thyroid production are

  • Fast food
  • Cakes
  • Cookies 
  • Foods are high in Iodine, iron, and calcium. 

The Bottom Line 

The bottom line is, if you diagnosed with Hypothyroidism, you should be aware and start looking at your life from a different angle. Hypothyroidism is a very common condition, which requires conscious living to control it. If you are changing your lifestyle by doing some yoga and exercise or taking care of your diet plan. You can definitely keep the condition at bay.


Reference & Citation  

Johnson, Shannon. "Hypothyroidism: Foods to eat and avoid."<https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/324819.php>

Johnson, S. (2019, March 28). "Hypothyroidism: Foods to eat and avoid." Medical News Today. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/324819.php.

Medical news today - https://www.medicalnewstoday.com

Post a Comment


  1. Very well structured information..I would like to ask you post only on gluten..

  2. Nice post and to reduce thyroid gland the thyroid herbal supplement is very effective and natural supplement. Try this along with these remedies to get fast results.

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