IS OBESITY A DISEASES ? │ Obesity bmi range │ obesity 1 2 3

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Overview : Overweight or obesity : obesity definition



Overweight and obese both are conditions, where abnormal or excessive fat get accumulated in different parts of body, which may lead to many complexities and health problems.


There is a formula to calculate muscle mass, which can tell you the fat conditions in your body. In short, it is called BMI (Body Mass Index).


What is BMI and How to calculate? - Obesity bmi chart



It is very important to know about your BMI (Body Mass Index) to calculate or understand the overall body – weight – muscle – fat conditions. By understanding BMI, you will have a clear picture over your current health condition. And on the basis of this you can also set your target to reduce or increases your weight. In short, BMI is a gross estimate of the amount of fat in your body


BMI= Weight in kg / (Height in meters) ²

BMI weight chart
Body Mass Index (BMI) Calculator
BMI
Weight
Status
Below
18.5
Underweight

18.5-24.5
Normal

25.0-29.9
Overweight
Higher
30.0
Obesity


OBESITY BMI RANGE - CHECK YOUR BMI


Measuring System
Height (Cms)
Weight (Kgs)
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Normal BMI range

Note:The calculations are based on WHO recommendations.



Obesity Symptoms


Obesity can be easily identified by the physical appearance and fat deposition in the body. That is the most obvious and common symptoms of obesity. Decreasing calorie intake and increasing BMR (basal metabolic rate) are very common concept about obesity. Specially when we plan to reduce weight. Find out the below other fundamental symptoms which can make you conscious about the condition in advance.

• Sleep apnea and trouble sleeping

• Increased sweating

• Varicose veins

• Snoring

• Weakness and tiredness

• Low confidence level

• Gallstones

• Joint pain specially knees

• Depression

• Shortness breath

Other symptoms

• Feeling thirsty

• Going to the toilet too many times

• Heart diseases & stroke


When to get serious

Most of the time, your physical appearance will tell you, where are you going with your weight.

• Keep checking your weight against your height.

• BMI will indicate your overall body fat condition.

• If you feel shortness of breath with little physical activity

You should see your doctor, little advice might be in real help on long runs.


Obesity Facts


  • Below is the world map of obesity Countrywide. According to  World Health Organization
  • 39% of adults aged 18 years and over were overweight in 2016, and 13% were obese.
  • Most of the world's population lives in countries where overweight and obesity kills more people than underweight.
  • 41 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese in 2016.
  • 39% of adults aged 18 years and over were overweight in 2016, and 13% were obese.
  • Most of the world's population lives in countries where overweight and obesity kills more people than underweight.
  • 41 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese in 2016.


Map of Obesity in Adult Males (% of adult population with en:BMI 30+) per country.
 image credit by 
Lukepryke 


Cause

Obesity is a life long struggle for a few people. Once you know or understand the underlying cause, it is easier for you to take necessary action. Below are some causes of obesity.

Lifestyle

Poor diet   
  • Eating large amount of processed food.
  • Eating meal frequency
  • Drinking alcohol or soft drinks
  • Fast food


Inactivity  

Less physical movement is one of the main reason of Obesity these days. Specially for those who are having sitting job. Most of the time we are unaware about the fact, that our digestion process become less efficient if we do not move our body. Eventually, we end up to fat deposition, especially lower abdomen area. This is highly recommended to those people to do at least some moderate workout or exercise in the morning.

Genetics 

Few people might get into this myth, that it is genetics or it runs in the family. I am not totally against on that, but there are very few or minor cases like Prader-will-Syndrome. With right attitude, awareness and control you can surely overcome this condition.


Other reasons 

Lack of sleep 

Lack of sleep or over sleeping can cause hormonal changes, this can affect your food craving. And you can slowly addicted to not-so-healthy food and drinks. This may cause weight gain.



Smoking 

Quitting smoking is no doubt brings healthy life to you. But it is associated with weight gain too. Because most of the time knowingly or unknowingly people use food to subsist smoking withdrawal.

Pregnancy 

It is common to gain weight and fat during the pregnancy. Also few women will find it difficult to lose even after the baby is born. Breast feeding is a good option to lose weight in some cases.

Psychological factor 

Some people have emotional and sociological influence, where they eat unhealthy food out of boredom or stress.


Medicine 

Certain anti-depression medicines like diabetic medicines and high blood pressure medicines are causes of weight gain. In this case it is extremely important to discuss with your physician rather than discontinuing the medicine.

Leptin resistance 

Leptin is a hormone which produces the fat cells. Leptin levels are high among obese people. Leptine level is linked to appetite. When it works properly, in general it indicates the brain with the level of fat cell storage. If leptin are not working properly, it is called Leptin resistance.  

Medical complications of obesity image source -CDC
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Risk Factors

Except weight gain, obesity creates various mixed complications. It can create inflammations in the body which can turn into cancer. It is also a major factor for type 2 diabetes. The more weight of muscle and fat over bones, more pain causes in to bones, which cause arthritis.

It can cause any of the serious ailments

  • Heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Breast/ colon cancer
  • Gut microbiome
  • Hypertension
  • Dyslipidaemia
  • Stroke
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Arthritis
  • High cholesterol
  • Asthma

It can also impact on kidney and fertility in women.



Some Holistic talk - If you are under weight, overweight or obese, you are in to this health conditions. Most of the time I have seen patients are lost confidence physiologically. My little advice to them not to control or try to control your eating habits or start workout regime all of a sudden.
Firstly, you should hit into your mind by practicing breathing exercise regularly with out any fail. In some time you will gain confidence over your mind which will lead to strengthen your will power. And then you know what to do.....Remember Obesity is preventable.   






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