5 Food to control Hypothyroidism │food for thyroid treatment │Avoid food for thyroid patients


Any abnormalities or dysfunction in the butterfly shaped gland, in the base of your neck is called thyroid disease. This can include many forms and types. Among all thyroid related condition, Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism is the most common one. Changing your lifestyle can surly affect Thyroid diseases. Especially daily exercise, walking or changing in food habit is essential, if you intent to control the disease naturally.  I am going discus five super-food, to prevent the disease in this article. Also I am going to discuss some food you should avoid if you diagnose with thyroid related disease.  

What is Hypothyroidism 

There are many types and forms of thyroid disease like goiter, thyroiditis, thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer, Hypo and Hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism is most common among them.

In, Hypothyroidism thyroid hormones produce less than normal level, which invites multiple health issues. i.e. weight gain, depression, fatigue, constipation, irregular menstrual cycle, slow heart rate, dry skin etc.

The 5 type food for thyroid treatment  

Diet plays a very significant role in this condition, it might have very sharp proportion with the symptoms of thyroid. As some foods can be helpful to improve the condition, but if food needs to be avoided in respect to balance the thyroid hormones.

Mostly three types of minerals are highly preferred for hypothyroid patients. IODINE, SELENIUM, ZINC.


SALT - Iodized salt is the most common and easily available source of Iodine. Iodine helps to create the thyroid hormone. Human body is unable to make iodine, so we need to consume it by taking iodine rich food. 

Iodine deficiency is became a common phenomena these days. Countries like USA are in safer side, because in USA, the iodine is added to table salt. Iodine supplements are not necessary if you can consume iodine rich food or just add some more salt in your daily diet. But before taking such action you need to  your doctor and take action if you are only detected with iodine deficiency. 

Avoid excessive use of salt in your diet, which may cause some serious health issues. 


Selenium is a micro-nutrients, which helps to produce and release thyroid hormones, so that the body can easily absorb it. Moreover it has certain antioxidant benefits which actually protect the Thyroid glands from free radicals. 

FISH - Selenium is available in mostly meat and poultry Items. Big fish’s  Like TUNA . HALIBUT is a very good source of selenium. You will find 92 mcg and 46 mcg in 3 ounce of Tuna and Halibut accordingly. 

BRAZIL NUT- Brazil nut is the best selenium source and only 1 once provides 544 mcg of selenium.


Zinc is another important mineral required to produce thyroid hormones. Zinc alone can increase the T3 and  T4 hormones up to certain level. It also helps in the absorption process to the body.

SEA-FOOD - Sea food specially OYSTER and CRAB contains high level of ZINC. In a medium size Oyster you will get approx 5.3 gm of zinc whereas in King crabs will provide 7.6 gm of Zinc per 100 gm.

LEGUMES - Those who are vegetarians, this can prove to be very healthy and rich source of zinc. You can use it in different ways like boiling, sprouting or just add to your soup. You can prepare the hurtful Indian RED/BLACK LENTIL "Dal" recipe to comfort your stomach. Or Hummus is a good example of how to use CHICKPEA, which is also a very good source of zinc. 

Food you should avoid in HYPOTHYROIDISM

Controlling and treating Hypothyroidism is sensitive condition to deal with. You need to deal with many likely and unlikely situations in life. While it is a lifestyle disease, controlling or being aware of a few important areas of your life can be very helpful. Food is definitely one of them.

Mainly 3 types of food you need to avoid, which will interrupt to produce thyroid hormones. 


GOITROGENS - Foods that contains Goitrogens are possibly interrupt thyroid hormone production. You may find Goitrogens on the food listed below 

  • Bok Choy
  • Cabbage 
  • Cauliflower 
  • Choy sum
  • Brussel sprouts 
  • Kale 
  • Horseradish 
  • Turnips

These vegetables has many health benefits. Eating in moderation will not cause much damage, even for the thyroid patient as well. 


Food contains Soy product may also interrupt thyroid absorption process in the body. Minimize the soy product in the diet would be a good choice for Hypothyroid patients. 

Food that has soy 

  • Soya milk
  • Soya bean
  • Soya sauce 
  • Edamame
  • Tofu


For any Thyroid patient it is extremely important to cut down gluten product. In a recent studies, it has been shown that a person who is having gluten product with Hypothyroidism, is prone to develop autoimmune conditions, most commonly called celiac disease. 

Celiac disease can damage the tissue of the small intestine. Gluten is a protein found in grains like Wheat, Barley, Oat etc.

Other foods may interrupt Thyroid production are

  • Fast food
  • Cakes
  • Cookies 
  • Foods high in Iodine, iron and calcium. 

The Bottom Line 

The bottom line is, if you diagnosed with Hypothyroidism, you should be aware and start looking at your life from a different angle. Hypothyroidism is a very common condition, which requires conscious living to control it. If you are changing your lifestyle by doing some yoga and exercise or taking care of your diet plan. You can definitely keep the condition at bay.


Reference & Citation  

Johnson, Shannon. "Hypothyroidism: Foods to eat and avoid."<https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/324819.php>

Johnson, S. (2019, March 28). "Hypothyroidism: Foods to eat and avoid." Medical News Today. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/324819.php.

Medical news today - https://www.medicalnewstoday.com

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